Software Architecture


Software architecture is a new term that has recently come into use to describe the different structures of a software program and how they are intended to interact together to make a working set of instructions for the computer. Inside the tech industry, the term is also used to refer to documentation of this interaction, as a way of proving ownership of complicated designs. For a person that is not directly involved with software architecture, the field can be quite complex and difficult to understand. Because software development has occurred in many different areas of the world, there have been several architecture description languages, or ADLs, created so that programmers can communicate better.

To speak about software architecture, there are a number of different views and frameworks that are used. Some of the more common views used to describe the architecture of a particular program are logic, module, structural, thread, feedback, and data view. This collection of views allows a company to provide strict instructions to the programmer about how they would like the software to be engineered. Because the architecture has a great impact on the performance of the software program, it is essential that the piece of software is made in the most efficient manner to improve functionality.

The frameworks that are used in regards to software architecture are reference models that document popular systems of architecture that are understood to be highly efficient. Some of the most popular of these frameworks are called RM-ODP, or Reference Model of Open Distributed Processing, and SOMF, or Service Oriented Modeling Framework. Designed by IBM, the latter version has been implemented in many software projects, with the goal of being a universal solution to architectural problems that arise in developing software. The architecture plans are usually made with line and box diagrams that describe the relationships of each individual software component.